Physical Therapy Developmental Motor Skills Checklist


0-2 months:

•Able to lie on their stomach for short periods of time holding their head up to 45 degrees
•Able to roll from their back to either their right or left side

3-5 months:

•Holds head in line with their body in supported sit
•Sits with hand support
•Brings hands to midline when on their back
•Kicking legs out one at a time

6-8 months:

•Rolls from back to stomach and vice-versa
•Sits independently

9-11 months:

•Transitions from lying down to sitting using arms
•Assumes hand and knee position
•Begins to crawl on hands and knees (backwards first)

12-15 months:

•Pulls to stand at furniture
•Cruises while holding onto furniture
•Stands alone
•Walks on flat surfaces

15-18 months:

•Creeps on hands and knees up and down steps
•Rolls and throws a ball
•Walks into a large ball to kick it
•Gets on and off push toys (may move them backwards at first)
•Gets up from the floor using hands to assist

19-24 months:

•Walks up and down a few stairs with assistance
•Jumps off ground with two feet
•Begins to run
•Walks over all surfaces without frequent loss of balance

3 years:

•Catches a ball with two hands
•Walks up and down stairs independently (two feet on each step)
•Jumps off bottom step
•Jumps over small objects
•Pedals a tricycle or ride on bike

4 years:

•Hops on one foot
•Goes up and down stairs with one foot on each step (using handrail)
•Begins to play simple gross motor games easily (3 step directions)

5 years:

•Bounces and catches a ball
•Follows a 4-5 step gross motor sequence
•Rides two wheel bike with no training wheels

 Red Flags to Watch for:

•"Floppy or Doughy" feel to muscles
•Excessively tight muscles: difficult for child to move arms or legs
•Arches back often, even when not mad
•Walks on tippy toes often
•Trips or falls often; clumsy
•Not wanting to lie on their stomach as an infant